Dr Glenda McLaren
Obstetrician & Gynaecologist


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Understanding Infertility

Infertility is a complex and often emotional challenge that affects many couples on their journey to parenthood. Our dedicated Bloom team is here to help you explore the possible causes of infertility, diagnosis, and the options available to you.

What are the Causes of Infertility?

There are many causes of infertility; sometimes it is to do with the woman, and sometimes the problem is with the man, and sometimes with both. There can also be no obvious reason for it in some cases.

Common issues affecting a woman’s fertility may include:

A man may have:

Age is also a contributing factor to infertility. From the age of 32, a woman’s chances of becoming pregnant begin to decrease.

Body weight, for both men and women, will also have an impact on fertility, due to changes to their hormones. Smoking, drinking, and some sexually transmitted infections, in men and women, can also have a negative impact on the chances of a successful pregnancy.

Infertility Diagnosis

Our experienced team will guide you through a comprehensive infertility diagnosis process, utilising advanced techniques and assessments to help determine if there are specific factors impacting your or your partner’s fertility.

Female Infertility Diagnostic Tests

For women, diagnostic tests are tailored to assess their reproductive health. These tests may include:

Hormone Tests:
Blood tests can evaluate hormone levels to detect any imbalances affecting the menstrual cycle.

Imaging Studies:
Ultrasound and other imaging techniques can provide insights into the condition of the ovaries and uterus.

Ovulation Assessment:
Tracking and monitoring ovulation can help determine if it occurs regularly.

Hysterosalpingography (HSG):
This test assesses the fallopian tubes and the uterus for any blockages or abnormalities.

Genetic Testing:
Genetic testing can reveal inherited conditions that impact fertility.

Male Infertility Diagnostic Tests

Diagnostic tests for men focus on evaluating aspects of male reproductive health. These tests may include:

Semen Analysis:
A semen analysis assesses sperm count, motility, morphology, and other factors affecting male fertility.

Hormone Testing:
Blood tests can determine hormone levels that influence male reproductive function.

Imaging Studies:
Ultrasound or other imaging tests can assess the male reproductive organs for any anomalies.

Genetic Testing:
Genetic testing can identify inherited conditions that impact male fertility.

Testicular Biopsy:
In some cases, a testicular biopsy may be performed to examine testicular tissue.

Consultation and Personalised Assessment

During your consultation, we’ll take into account your medical history, lifestyle, and individual circumstances. This information forms the basis of a personalised assessment and treatment plan tailored to your needs.

Treatment Options

Once the potential causes of your infertility are identified, we will discuss a range of treatment options to improve your chances of conceiving. These options may include assisted reproductive technologies, lifestyle modifications, and advanced medical therapies. 

In addition to medical treatments, there are various lifestyle changes and strategies that can support infertility treatment. We’ll explore these options, such as nutrition, exercise, and stress management.

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) is a well-established method for overcoming infertility. We’ll provide you with information about the IVF process and refer you to one of our trusted IVF partners to take over your care (we do not perform IVF services at Bloom Women’s Health).

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